Blackout Poetry: A Vehicle for Voice?

While recently trawling through Twitter, I came across a selection of blackout poems which were produced by some young students. Their work was incredible – creative and imaginative, expressive and beautiful.

I was instantly captivated by the idea and its application to an upcoming EDFD459 assignment on the refugee crisis since:

  1. Few resources are needed. (A page from a newspaper and a pencil or a black texta/marker would suffice.)
  2. It would be suitable for a wide age and ability range – from early readers to adults.
  3. It combines the voices of art and poetry as a vehicle for the narrative.

With my recent research on the refugee crisis foremost in my mind, I printed out a page of text from a novel I am currently reading, and began creating:


This is the message I would wish to portray to the refugee children: “Amongst the grief, the heartache, and the uncertainty – you are not alone.”

In order to create a successful blackout poem, suggests the following steps:

Step 1: Scan the page first before reading it completely. Keep an eye out for an anchor word as you scan. An anchor word is one word on the page that stands out to you because it is packed and loaded with meaning and significance.  Starting with an anchor word is important because it helps you to imagine possible themes and topics for your poem.

Step 2: Now read the page of text in its entirety. Use a pencil to lightly circle any words that connect to the anchor word and resonate with you. Resonant words might be expressive or evocative, but for whatever reason, these are the words on the page that stick with you. Avoid circling more than three words in a row.

Step 3: List all of the circled words on a separate piece of paper. List the words in the order that they appear on the page of text from top to bottom, left to right. The words you use for the final poem will remain in this order so it doesn’t confuse the reader.

Step 4: Select words, without changing their order on the list, and piece them together to create the lines of a poem. You can eliminate parts of words, especially any endings, if it helps to keep the meaning of the poem clear. Try different possibilities for your poem before selecting the lines for your final poem. If you are stuck during this step, return back to the original page of text. The right word you are searching for could be there waiting for you.

Step 5: Return to the page of text and circle only the words you selected for the final poem.  Remember to also erase the circles around any words you will not be using.

Step 6: Add an illustration or design to the page of text that connects to your poem. Be very careful not to draw over the circled words you selected for your final poem!

Here are some amazing examples which are useful for inspiration, varying from the relatively simple (text only) to the incredibly complex and intricate:


Retrieved from

What a powerful vehicle to give a voice to people (both children and adults) whilst simultaneously unleashing their artistic creativity!

Note: For more information, visit Austin Kleon’s website (the inventor and instigator of blackout poetry).


3 thoughts on “Blackout Poetry: A Vehicle for Voice?

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